PoultryAnimal health

How To Easily Manage And Control 10 Common Diseases Affecting Broilers And Layers On A Farm



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South African Nationals

Program Overview

10 common diseases that affect broilers and layers on a farm, along with suggested management and control measures: In this article we will be focusing on How To Easily Manage And Control 10 Common Diseases Affecting Broilers And Layers On A Farm

1. Marek’s disease:

This viral disease is common in chickens and can cause tumors, nervous system disorders, and death. Vaccination is the best way to prevent Marek’s disease. 

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2. Infectious bronchitis:

This respiratory disease is caused by a coronavirus and can cause coughing, sneezing, and decreased egg production in layers. Vaccination is also the primary control measure for infectious bronchitis. 

3. Newcastle disease:

Newcastle disease is a viral disease that affects both broilers and layers. It can cause respiratory and nervous system symptoms, as well as a decrease in egg production. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent Newcastle disease.

4. Coccidiosis:

This parasitic disease affects the intestinal tract of chickens, causing diarrhea, weight loss, and decreased growth rates in broilers. Coccidiosis can be managed through the use of anticoccidial medications, good hygiene practices, and careful management of feed and water.

5. Avian influenza:

This highly contagious viral disease can cause respiratory symptoms, as well as systemic illness and death in chickens. Vaccination is an effective control measure for avian influenza, as well as following strict biosecurity measures to prevent the spread of the virus.

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6. Infectious bursal disease:

This viral disease affects young broilers and can cause immunosuppression, leading to increased susceptibility to other diseases. Vaccination is the primary control measure for infectious bursal disease.

7. Fowl pox:

Fowl pox is a viral disease that causes scabby lesions on the skin, beak, and eyes of chickens. Good hygiene practices and vaccination are the primary control measures for fowl pox.

8. Mycoplasma gallisepticum:

This bacterial disease can cause respiratory symptoms, as well as decreased egg production and poor hatchability in layers. Antibiotics are the main treatment for mycoplasma infections, but prevention through vaccination and good biosecurity practices is also important.

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9. Eimeria: Eimeria

is a genus of protozoan parasites that can cause coccidiosis in chickens, leading to diarrhea, weight loss, and decreased growth rates. Management of Eimeria infections involves the use of anticoccidial medications, good hygiene practices, and careful management of feed and water.

10. Salmonella:

Salmonella is a bacterial infection that can cause diarrhea, fever, and other symptoms in chickens and humans who consume contaminated products. Prevention of Salmonella infections involves strict biosecurity measures, as well as careful handling and preparation of chicken products.

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In general, preventing the spread of disease on a chicken farm involves good hygiene practices, such as regular cleaning and disinfection of facilities, equipment, and feed and water sources. Vaccination is also an important tool for preventing the spread of infectious diseases, along with careful monitoring of the health status of the flock and prompt treatment of any sick birds. It’s also important to follow strict biosecurity practices, such as limiting access to the farm, controlling the movement of people and vehicles, and preventing contact between wild birds and the flock.

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Chivalrous Curie

Dr Jacinth Anesu Kuri is a certified Animal Production Scientist from Harare Zimbabwe. He is the CEO of a prominent NGO in Zimbabwe called Agric Tech Opportunities. He is the founder of AgricTech Charities Foundation. Trained by Campuslifestyle to be an IT expect and Web developer And Chief Blogger.

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